Critical factor II: accessibility and resources
There are some barriers to outdoor activity in indoor settings, especially for children living in apartment buildings. I have seen some parents forced their kids to hold in Ipads or phones so that their kids would not make excessive noises. It is necessary for parents to adjust daily routine tasks to meet physical activity needs and regular physical activities. As Goodway and Smith (2005) claimed, children from low-income families might have fewer opportunities to join in physical activity because of the lack of time and energy of their parents for supporting and participating in the outdoor activities with their children.
Goodway JD, Smith DW. Keeping all children healthy: challenges to leading an active lifestyle for preschool children qualifying for at-risk programs. Fam Community Health. 2005;28:142–155. [PubMed]